Nearly four years after the brutal murder of Giulio Regeni, a doctoral student conducting fieldwork in Cairo, the Egyptian authorities continue to repress intellectual life for both students, academics and activists.

The arrest and torture of the Egyptian graduate student and activists Patrick George Zaky, enrolled at the University of Bologna, reflect further erosion of


History repeats itself if you do not know how to draw lessons from it. Giulio Regeni was an Italian PhD student at the University of Cambridge who was kidnapped on 25 January 2016 in Cairo, on the 5th anniversary of Tahrir Square uprising. His tortured, mutilated and half-naked corpse was found in the Cairo-Alexandria »

Warbling security